More often in rural than in urban areas, markets can’t provide enough goods and services to meet local needs. What can governments, non-state actors and community members do to meet needs when this happens?

This Learning Guide provides an essential overview of market failure in rural areas, including its key drivers and risks, and illustrates multiple government-led and alternative governance mechanisms that respond to market failures and leverage rural-urban linkages.

You will learn:

  • what rural market failure is, its causes, and its implications for local and regional resilience
  • how governments, civil society and communities can meet people’s needs when markets fail
  • what responsive local and regional governance models from regions and cities in Europe can look like in practice



Tools &

Contributors: Sophie Callahan


News about Rural-Urban Europe and the ROBUST project is published regularly in the INFORMED CITIES newsletter.

ROBUST is a European research project involving 24 partners from 11 countries. ROBUST receives funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 727988.

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