This Learning Guide is based on the following source(s):

The Horizon 2020 ROBUST project brought together policymakers, researchers, businesses, service providers, citizens, and other stakeholders from eleven regions across Europe to better understand how to improve rural-urban synergies. The project developed a theoretical approach to identify, evaluate and envision rural-urban synergies in policy and practice. This conceptual framework highlighted three key principles for unlocking rural-urban synergies to guide the real-life work being done in the Living Labs.

This Learning Guide introduces you to the principles and how they can be and are applied in regions throughout Europe for better rural-urban linkages.

You will learn:

  • What Rural-Urban Synergies are and why we need them
  • The ROBUST "Recipe for Regions"
  • ROBUST’s three principles for rural-urban synergies
    • New Localities: Connecting the local
    • Network Governance: Deciding together
    • Smart Development: Growing smart


Tools &

Contributors: Katherine Peinhardt


News about Rural-Urban Europe and the ROBUST project is published regularly in the INFORMED CITIES newsletter.

ROBUST is a European research project involving 24 partners from 11 countries. ROBUST receives funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 727988.

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