This Learning Guide is based on the following source(s):

Many of the frameworks conventionally used in natural resource management emphasize the monetary value of individual products. An ecosystem services approach instead describes the value of complex, layered interactions that make up ecological processes. Unlocking rural-urban synergies similarly relies on understanding rural and urban societies and economies as interconnected parts of shared ecosystems, rather than as distinct and wholly independent.

This Learning Guide introduces the concept of ecosystem services and their role in establishing rural-urban links and enhancing synergies in the ROBUST project.

You will learn:

  • What an ecosystem services approach is
  • Examples of planning systems, governance approaches and economic models that integrate ecosystem services
  • Key tools, methods, and best practices for improving ecosystem service management at multiple scales


Tools &

Contributors: Yu-Yi Huynh, Sophie Callahan


News about Rural-Urban Europe and the ROBUST project is published regularly in the INFORMED CITIES newsletter.

ROBUST is a European research project involving 24 partners from 11 countries. ROBUST receives funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 727988.

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