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Live Cases are a real-time journaling process for the Living Lab case studies. Follow along quarterly to learn more about the experiences and lessons learned taking place in the ROBUST Living Labs.
Tue 26 Nov
Live Case 3: A Pivot to Circular Farming
In earlier Live Cases, we stated that we wanted to align ROBUST’s project logic with municipal EPA policy implementation progress. However, the EPA implementation process turned out to be more complex than foreseen and thus more time consuming. So we decided to focus on a particular theme which will undoubtedly be important once the implementation process of the EPA reaches a more practical stage. This theme is Circular Farming.
The Circular Farming notion was (re)introduced in 2018 by the national Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality as an important guiding principle for sustainable farming practices. Circular Farming implications are far reaching, not only for rural areas but also for rural-urban relations. Discussions about the ideas of what circular farming is and how it can/must be implemented in policy documents and in practice are currently omnipresent throughout The Netherlands and particularly in the municipality of Ede.
Circular farming is an important theme in our ‘Regiodeal Food Valley’, a deal between the central government and the region that enables a variety of pilot projects that foster innovation and sustainability in agriculture and food production. The notion is a guiding principle in Ede’s Agricultural Vision and will undoubtedly be so once the EPA’s implementation becomes more practical. It is also seen as a promising answer to different environmental problems our region and country is dealing with, like the surplus of nitrogen deposition on nature reserves.
On the other hand, circular farming is controversial, as it requires traditional farming practices to transition to more sustainable models and will probably affect the number of cattle held and land use practices. Many entrepreneurs fear for capital destruction on traditional enterprises.
In our workshop, we focused on the following questions:
- How can regional rural-urban relations be enhanced through different circular farming ideas and practices?
- What types of territory-based approaches can realize such circular farming potentials?
- In which ways could /should Ede municipality facilitate and support such potentials?
Around 40 stakeholders, who were mobilised and recruited through the personal networks of our Living Lab members, were invited to the workshop with a short document explaining the principle ROBUST objectives. Those invitees that responded positively received additional information about how our LL understood circular farming, making a distinction between agro-industrial and agro-ecological lines of thought, each having its specific features, also in terms of rural-urban relations.
The overall response to our workshop invitations was positive. Our workshop was held on 9 October 2019 and was attended by 23 people, most representing the agro-ecological viewpoint. Unfortunately, the workshop took place during a time when Dutch farmers were conducting large-scale protests against forthcoming national adaptation of its nitrogen policy. This meant that stakeholders from the traditional farming sector were not willing to join the conversation (with a few exceptions).
In the lively discussions, the following topics were of particular interest:
- good soil management, as a basis for Ecosystem services, as well as for alternative business models
- the importance of the availability of land to foster good practices and new business models
- the importance of true pricing and alternatives way of renumeration for ecosystem services
- the importance of knowledge in very different aspects (for producers, consumers, policy makers, and for relations between different groups)
Our next challenge will be to translate these notions into practical policy recommendations for our own municipality.
Tue 30 Apr
Live Case 2: Refining the Research Agenda
As part of ongoing the Ede Living Lab matching processes (see our Live Case 1), we discussed our ROBUST Research and Innovation Agenda (RIA) with Ede’s Municipal Environment and Planning Act (EPA) Implementation Team. During this half-day meeting at the end of March 2019, in a beautiful and inspiring rural setting (www.dehooilanden.nl), we continued our ongoing exchange about how to put our RIA into practice.
In addition to the core EPA Implementation Team, we also involved other municipal policy makers who have leading and supporting roles in municipal EPA implementation.
This particular meeting enabled us to share ideas about how our RIA could contribute to the municipal EPA implementation trajectory. We first discussed the question, “Can and to what extent could our preliminary menu-card ideas (see below) help guide regional farming in the future?”
As argued, this would require an overarching vision for agriculture’s role in rural development and – even better - a broader vision for sustainable regional rural-urban relations.
The EPA Implementation Team challenged us to contribute more explicitly and directly to Ede’s agricultural and rural future as a crucial element of their implementation endeavour. They suggested using participatory scenario building as a supportive tool for future rural and agricultural envisioning in various sub-regions, and have already contacted a consultancy firm with ample (participatory) scenario building experience to lead this process. Sub-regional scenario building would have to touch upon rural-urban relations, as well its accompanying circular farming ideas, which have recently been embraced nationally as a guiding principle for sustaining the food system.
The municipal EPA team suggested that our LL join this process by providing specific expertise on rural-urban interaction, rural ecosystem delivery, and rural business models. As agreed, it will be important to discuss possible collaboration between the ROBUST team and the consultants soon.
The Hooilanden Location of our ROBUST meeting with Municipal EPA team
We also shared and explained the suggestion in our RIA to elaborate a list with concrete actions for regional farmers. This list is the successor of our earlier “menu-card” approach and includes action perspectives that aim to inspire regional farmers to act in line with EPA’s integrative philosophy and aspirations, whilst simultaneously acknowledging regional diversity in farming strategies.
This list would include concrete circular farming-inspired ideas and practices that are rooted in a variety of rural business models that cover both returns to land-dependent farming, as well as more high-tech inspired circular-based practices on urban rest-flow valorisation. Combined with the sub-regional scenario building processes, it could also contribute to necessary combined learning and help facilitate the negotiation processes between the municipality and farmers about how to align future business prospects with EPA objectives and aspirations.
We agreed that ROBUST’s regional workshop in autumn 2019 could facilitate this learning process by linking circular farming expertise to various themes, like nature-, soil-, landscape- and water management, renewable energy production, and urban rest flow valorisation. The workshop could provide a forum to discuss future regional circular farming prospects with regional farmers and other stakeholders as a critical component to realise regional EPA objectives.
Lastly, we discussed the connections between the aforementioned activities and the RIA’s interest in urban food policy making. This discussion focused on how municipal food policy monitoring could support integrated spatial planning - and vice versa. With these questions in mind, the ROBUST team enhanced the currently-available municipal food policy indicators with an additional set of indicators to assess the regional food system’s interaction with other meaningful rural qualities, such as ecosystem delivery capacity and willingness, representation of business models, appreciation of amenities, and new forms of cooperation, etc.
The result is a comprehensive indictor set to assess the impact and reach of Ede’s urban food policy in a more holistic way.
We concluded that this first attempt to broaden on-going food policy monitoring is a promising start, but needs further refinement, reflection and – above all – more engagement with Ede’s food community to make it a supportive tool for more integrative and participatory (‘planning by invitation’) spatial planning, as envisioned by Ede’s ongoing EPA implementation process.
Wed 16 Jan
Live Case 1: Matching Agendas, Ideas and Expectations in Ede
In these beginning stages of the Living Lab process, Living Lab Ede is involved in what might be summarized as a matching process. That is, how do we internally match our ideas, expectations and hopes in order to develop a set of concrete activities around our three Communities of Practice: sustainable food systems, ecosystem services and rural business models?
We are particularly struggling with the interwovenness and interdependencies between our selected Communities of Practice. For instance, the necessary next step to institutionally anchor Ede’s Urban Food Policy-making will partly depend on the need to deepen and broaden its approach to monitoring and evaluation.
We ideally want to find an approach that interlinks urban food policy monitoring explicitly to other regional sustainability issues, such as serious and persistent imbalances in agricultural ecosystem service delivery, regional nature- and landscape value preservation, renewable energy sourcing, sustainable water management, and the valorisation of cultural heritage. The approach should also acknowledge the significance of diversifying rural business models in relation to these sustainability concerns.
Yet, the feasibility of such a comprehensive monitoring and evaluation approach heavily depends on identifying and elaborating additional indicators without additional intensive and expensive data-collection. It makes our Living Lab aspirations regarding urban food policy monitoring a topic of continuous discussion, reflection and – indeed – a matching of expectations.
A second matching issue concerns how to concretely align ongoing municipal experiments with the National Environment and Planning Act (EPA). This Act gives Ede municipality, within certain limits, the opportunity to put conditions on development permissions for agricultural (and non-agricultural) sites with beyond minimum legal thresholds for spatial and environmental impact performance criteria.
The EPA allows municipalities to grant development incentives (e.g., extra production capacity, etc.) if business development plans include certain components to preserve or strengthen specific cultural and environmental qualities. This novel spatial planning instrument provides, amongst others, the opportunity to facilitate ecosystem service delivery in a more decentralized, participatory and integrative way. Our Living Lab aspires to actively involve regional stakeholders in the further implementation and operationalisation of this novel municipal policy instrument in a way that indeed succeeds to contribute to a better integration of Ede's municipal food, environmental and planning policies.
Through a so-called ‘menu approach’, the EPA aims to challenge rural businesses to improve their ecosystem service performances and to align rural business model-specific supply with (partly) location-specific demand for ecosystems services in more customised and stimulating ways. It is expected that this active stakeholder involvement and consultation will also mobilize interest and commitment for the cross-sectoral cooperation workshop anticipated as part of ROBUST’s future activities. Yet, also the latter assumes continuous matching efforts through necessary synchronizing with ongoing municipal policy making. With that in mind, we are currently inventorying various matching options.